Category: Blog

Videos of the IAC 2020 Lectures of Dr Guven

The below lectures consist of IAC 2020 presentations related to interstellar exploration, an interstellar mission to Altair, using nuclear propulsion and nuclear reactors for space4 missions, using helium-cooled reactors for Lunar Missions and some video lectures related to SETI research.  Please click the relevant video to watch it.

 

Dr Guven Views on Future of Aeronautics and Aviation and Astronautics post COVID19

This Video on Dr Guven Views on Future of Aeronautics and Aviation and Astronautics post-COVID19. There are a lot of exciting developments happening in the aerospace world and with the entry of the private sector into the aerospace field, there will be exciting growth of space industry and space tourism. In addition, this is the best time to choose Aerospace Engineering as a career due to what the future holds. With the upcoming Artemis Mission, Moon will be a regular stop and a stepping stone to the solar system. This video summarizes the state of affairs in the aerospace sector.

Dr Guven Announcement for International Students on Covid19 and Studies

This video of Dr Guven Announcement for International Students on Covid19 and Studies focuses on what decision should international students take and what needs to be done for students to protect themselves for the second wave while studying abroad.The video gives suggestions to students who are not able to go abroad for their studies as to what they can do while they wait for the pandemic to be over.

Conversations of an Engineer with the Universe: Can We Alter Our Future? is Published by Dr Guven

Conversations of an Engineer with the UniverseThis book is a non-fiction book by Dr. Guven, which portrays the Conversations of an Engineer with the Universe to help us understand the world and the universe that we live in. The book starts with thermodynamic principles such as matter and energy can’t be created or destroyed, but they can be transformed. Then it explains concepts such as the Double Slit Experiment and the Probability Theory to state that for any reality to be real, it needs to be first observed so that the probability becomes a reality. Then these concepts are put forward to explain things like wealth and prosperity, health, and many other material concepts in the universe. Also, a fictional God is presented (no offense is intended for any religion so a neutral God was chosen for this fictional book) and the fictional conversations of an Engineer with God (we can also call it the Universe) are presented to show a different point of view. The book even takes a short stop and examines the Covid19 pandemic and why it probably happened. Then, this book has tried to show that Science and Religion can actually go hand in hand together because they don’t necessarily exclude each other. Moreover, even the concept of death and the existence of the soul is analyzed, as per scientific concepts to see if there is a soul and if there is really a life after death. Finally, the secret of the Universe is revealed in the final chapter with a principle which I call the “Universal Law”. If you can understand the Universal Law presented in this book, I can pretty much say that you can control your fate and your future depending on the degree of your understanding and application of this Universal Law. It’s not actually a secret, but you will have to read the whole book to understand this Universal Understanding in the end, so that you can proclaim your future.

You can buy it at: https://www.amazon.com/Conversations-Engineer-Universe-Future-NonFiction-ebook-dp-B08HPR3LKJ/dp/B08HPR3LKJ/ref=mt_other?_encoding=UTF8&me=&qid=

nuclear applications in space

New Chapter on Nuclear Powered Space Reactor has been Published

Abstract

While nuclear energy has been very influential in meeting the energy needs of Earth, it also has implications and uses in outer space exploration. Nuclear energy can be used as a source of power for various space missions in space or on planetary/space platforms and more importantly, it can be used for propulsion in order to achieve high specific impulses to allow the spacecraft to reach its destinations faster. This chapter discusses the use of nuclear energy for propulsion in spacecraft and also as a source of power for space missions. While nuclear energy has been used since the 1960s in space missions in various forms, many new techniques also have been developed in the last 10 years, which may pave the way for future space missions that will allow mankind to reach further destinations and to establish long-term outposts in space. As long as Le Reve Des Toiles’ or the Dream of Stars continues to be the main dynamo of mankind, nuclear energy in space applications will be at the forefront of space exploration for many decades to come. This chapter focuses on the existing nuclear applications in space exploration since the early 1960s as well as any future work that is going on related to this field.

You can read it at: https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-818483-7.00013-5

The Way Forward for International Education for International Students and Universities Across the World

Covid19 has created a unique situation across the globe that has never been paralleled in the higher education system in the world. In fact, up until 2020, the world higher education system had really become truly international with various opportunities across the world with many scholarships, Erasmus Programs, global student mobility programs as well as cultural mobility programs. Moreover, with the presence of online education programs as well as with the presence of various global university conglomerates, it had become easy for a student at any point in the globe to reach higher education opportunities.

Unfortunately, all of this changed when the Covid19 pandemic came about at the beginning of 2020 and imposed an extraordinary amount of restrictions on our lives which includes social distancing. Moreover, even though Covid19 seems to be similar to flu, it is far more contagious as per CDC and WHO; and more importantly, for some age groups and for people with chronic diseases, it is far more deadly as it incapacitates your respiratory system.

When the first wave of the pandemic went through the world, education came to a halt in order to reduce the effect of the pandemic on society. All across the world, almost all of the offline education in the universities were suspended indefinitely and university students were requested to leave their campus. Naturally, for the domestic students, they were able to go back to their parents’ homes and stay there for the duration of the Covid19 pandemic. Offline education in the universities was transformed into an online education where students would study from home and attend online courses on LMS platforms such as Blackboard and watch online lessons through Webex or Zoom. Still many universities across the world are not open for offline courses as summer vacation sets in throughout the northern hemisphere.

However, for international students, the situation was far more severe as tens of thousands of international students across the world got stranded in the foreign countries that they were studying in. They could not enter the campuses and use the campus facilities and those students who were staying in private homes were asked to leave their homes. Even some private hostels closed across the world as a response to the pandemic and international students didn’t have the option to stay on campus or even be able to have a place to stay. Moreover, international flights were suspended in many countries since February and the students could not even buy airline tickets to take them back home, so that they could weather the pandemic in financial and medical safety of their own homes back in their own countries.

Of course, to be fair, it must be reported that many international offices of some universities across the world, worked in an extraordinary manner to help their international students to get the support that they needed to overcome problems such as a place to stay or to get medical help in the country that they were stranded in. Unfortunately, these universities with such support for international students were few and many universities across the world did not fare well according to student testimonials that were received. Many students were displaced and had no place to stay and some students didn’t even have money left as their families back home may have lost jobs or incomes and thus could not help their sons and daughters.

However, as an educator of 25 years, I would like to personally thank those countries, universities, and international offices who have gone beyond the call of duty to truly help their international students.

Luckily, many countries were able to provide special flights to get their students back to their countries although these flights were also not sufficient to take all the students back home globally. Of course, now many flights are slowly opening and hopefully, all students who may have been stranded since the beginning of 2021 can slowly return to their home countries and get the relief that they need.

Naturally, there has been also a financial aspect to the Covid19 pandemic and many people across the world have lost their jobs, companies, incomes, and their financial stability. Some families have lost fathers and mothers and siblings and sons and daughters due to the medical outcomes of Covid19. So, life, unfortunately, does not go on for many people across the world and the education sector is also not an exception.

Before the Covid19 pandemic, full-time international students had been the major source of income for many global universities and it was a win-win situation for students as well as the university. Unfortunately, as stated before not all of these universities fared well and took care of their international students as much as they should, and many international students may have suffered as a result.

There are many organizations in the world that are responsible for the coordination of international education as well as international students. These include organizations such as NAFSA, EAIE, IAU, ACU, ISEP and many more. Moreover, there are also large university conglomerates such as Laureate International, GUS (Global University Systems), BAU Network and Pearson and few others. However, the majority of the discussions in these organizations seem to be focusing on how to enable international students to enroll again to help turn the financial wheels for member universities. While enrollment of new students is very important for the financial continuity of the member universities and educational organizations, there is also the question of how to adapt to these changing times. Moreover, the questions of maintaining diversity and equal opportunity also comes to the forefront.

Many international students are worried as to whether online education would be of the same quality as offline education and if it is worth the money that they will have to pay (as many international universities are charging the same fees for online education). I believe now is the time that international offices of the universities should be meeting to discuss not just on how to keep the financial wheels turning by convincing new students to enroll, but they should also ask themselves what extra steps they will take to ensure the necessary support, safety and security as well as academic opportunity would be available to international students. Another issue that international students seem to be asking a lot is whether they will have the same internship and employment opportunities in the post Covid19 era. Of course, there are no easy answers to any of these queries as the solution lies in the collaboration of universities, governments, international education organizations as well as parents and students. Naturally, universities have their financial and regulatory concerns and students also have their future career concerns as well as health and safety concerns in this new era.

The solution can only be found by creating platforms where all stakeholders can get together and discuss the way forward for the mutual benefit of all stakeholders. Perhaps creating an Ombudsman for students at these international organizations for international students’ concerns can be the way forward. Providing free online mental care to international students to help alleviate their fears may be another solution that the international offices of universities should keep handy. Every international student should have access to an academic mentor constantly and this access should be 24 hours in emergencies.  Of course, last but not least, there should be a clear protocol in place in what needs to be done in emergencies for international students including epidemics, life-threatening events (such as earthquakes, hurricanes etc.) as well as any undefined emergency that affects the student in mass. (These protocols do exist in many universities, but it was evident that they were woefully inadequate)

These times will also pass as human civilization is resilient and better times will certainly come again. However, the way international students are handled will set the tone for what international education and global educational solidarity is all about. However, I do personally thank hundreds of universities across the world who have gone beyond their duty to help international students and I call upon organizations such as NAFSA, EAIE, IAU, ACU, ISEP and many universities, university networks such as Laureates, GUS and BAU, as well as other agencies and organizations (such as Campus France) to really create platforms where international students’ concerns can be truly addressed for the mutual benefit of all parties.

 

 

 

 

Podcast on Global University Rankings for 2021

Dr Guven Podcast on his views related to top 10 University Rankings Across the World. Please listen to the podcast to hear the top 10 universities in the world and his views on European and Asian Universities.

Soundcloud: https://soundcloud.com/dr-ugur-guven/podcast-on-university-rankings-2021

Spotify: https://open.spotify.com/episode/0b8ZFQ3oEg5nSKxniZM61z

Podcast on Should International Students Start Their Semester Abroad with COVID19?

Podcast Commentary by Dr Guven on Should International Students Start Their Semester Abroad with COVID19? Should exchange students go abroad? Should new international students start their academic year abroad? Should semester exchange students go abroad for next semester or should they defer their exchange semester to 2021. Should you start your studies as an international student if the next semester is going to be conducted online? Does it make sense to sit and wait as an international student.

Listen to the Audio Podcast at: https://podcasters.spotify.com/episode/4XMpFCxpMW2nmVg1YC2qL9

Listen to the Soundcloud recording at: https://soundcloud.com/dr-ugur-guven/should-international-students-start-their-semester-abroad-with-covid19

Dr Guven Audio Commentary on Launch of SpaceX Rocket for the First Manned Commercial Spaceflight

This is a historic occasion for mankind as the launch of SpaceX Rocket is the first commercial manned spaceflight in the history of mankind. You can listen to DrGuven Podcast or Soundcloud recording below as to how this will cause a boom in the aerospace sector just like the Aviation Boom of 1930.
To listen as a Podcast: https://open.spotify.com/episode/07zvOr8eCNzHJUSuVqPStL
To listen on Soundcloud: https://soundcloud.com/dr-ugur-guven/spacex-launch-podcast

Review of The Capabilities of S-400 Air Defense System and Its Importance for India Defense Forces: Feasibility and Effectivity Analysis

Abstract: Air Defence is one of the most important concepts related to the defence of a nation. It is not possible to protect a country without having full control over its national airspace. The presence of airspace superiority gives that particular nation a superiority in not only national defence but also in projecting power to the neighbouring nations as well. It is one of the reasons why countries like Russia, Israel, India and Turkey can project power to hostile neighbouring nations due to their superiority in air force capabilities and technologies. However, as strong as an offensive capability of an Air Force of a Nation may be, the real capability also lies in the ability to defend against airpower threats and power projections by air. In order to achieve this, there must be non-offensive air defence capability which comprises of long range detection and illumination of targets including air force assets such as attack planes, bombers, missiles and rockets. This can be done as a standalone system or by using a combination of systems and assets. One such asset that has been very popular in the last few years has been the S-400 Air Defence System which has been developed by Russian scientists and engineers. While the S-400 system was developed from iterations of old S-Defence series that were originally developed for the protection of Russia, now the latest S-400 system has been sold to countries like China and Turkey and also it is being considered for sale by nations such as India. In the international community, there is a lot of hype about the superior air defence capabilities of the Russian S-400 Air Defence System, and this paper reviews the capabilities of the S-400 Air Defence System and its effectiveness based on the results of its predecessors as well. Literature Review, as well as past successes and the failures of the S-XX Defence systems iterations also provided for reference. This study also looks at the situation in Turkey and India to see if the S400 defense system makes sense to integrate into their national defense grid.

Keywords: S-400 Air Defence System, S-400, S-300, Air Defence Systems, Patriot Air Defence System, Missile Defence System

Read More at: http://www.jcreview.com/fulltext/197-1578467556-new.pdf?1578842687